Portrait of Tecumseh

Tecumseh was a great chief of the Shawnee tribe.

EDITOR'S NOTE: This story is Part 8 in a 9-part series on Ohio's great American Indian chiefs released by the Ohio Historical Society on Nov. 3, 1967. Richland Source has entered into a collaborative agreement with the Ohio History Connection to share content across our sites.

Tecumseh was one of the greatest statesmen and warriors of the Shawnee people.

He was born about 1765, presumably in a village on the Pickaway Plains.

His father was slain in the battle at Point Pleasant, and as a result Tecumseh was always a bitter opponent of the invaders. Tecumseh believed that no one tribe could barter away its territory, since the Ohio Valley was the common heritage of them all.

He worked to form a coalition of southern and western Native American Indians, and either he or his agents traveled from Florida to the upper Mississippi seeking to have the Ohio River recognized as a permanent boundary between the races.

In the War of 1812, Tecumseh fought on the side of the British, who made him a brigadier. He covered the retreat into Canada after Admiral Oliver Hazard Perry's victory on Lake Erie.

Tecumseh fell in the final engagement, the Battle of the Thames, on Oct. 5, 1813.

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